... is a court’s power to hear and decide a matter before any other court can review the matter.
Beginning jurisdiction
Origin jurisdiction
Begin jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
... jurisdiction is the power of a court to review and revise a lower courts’decision.
Appellate
Appeal
Apellate
Appelate
… is responsible for the training of judges, lay magistrates, and members of Tribunals in England and Wales.
High Court
Probation Service
The Judicial Studies Board (JSB)
Lord Chancellor’s Office
… can each do advocacy, draft legal documents and give written advice.
Barristers
Legal advisors
Solicitors
Consultants
… increasingly takes place outside the court system.
Adjudicative
Adjudicate
Adjudicator
Adjudication
… is the area of law relating to the practical transfer of property, especially land.
check_box Conveyancing Law
Land law
Transfering law
Civil law
… offences are the most serious offences such as arson, murder and manslaughter.
dangerous
serious
Indicted
Indictable
… refers to attempt to use illegal force on another person in the absence of consent to sexual relation
Murder

Manslaughter.
Sexual assault.
… refers to the unlawful killing of a person without malicious intent and therefore without premeditation
Manslaughter
Sexual assault
murder
… the substantive and procedural provisions relating to central and local governments
Whereas
What
When
Why
…………… describes the financial state of a company when its debts are over its repayment ability
check_box Insolvency
Development
Establishment
Ceremony
……………….. ….. is rules which determine how a case is administered by the courts
Public law
Procedural law
Criminal law1923
A charge holder or company directors may file notice at court for … order.
administrative
administrator
administration
liquidation
A company may issue different … of shares, which have different rights attached to them.
check_box classes
types
kinds
forms
A contract is an … that creates binding obligations upon the parties
interest
appeal
agreement
interest rate rate
A court can make an order allowing one spouse to have possession of …
check_box The family home
The family shelter
The family flat
The family house
A lawyer who represents his or her … before the court is known as a barrister (in England),.
Subscriber.
Client
Instructor
Customer
A merger occurs when one company has acquired the majority of the shares of the … company
acquiror
target
offering
acquiring
ADR methods are …
Negotiation, arbitration and mediation
Mediation
Arbitration
Negotiation
Also criminal court procedure … to ensure a fair hearing by imposing very strict and formal rules of evidence. Many other safeguards relate to the power of the police.
looks
takes
seeks
gives
Appointment Clause describes …………and general emplointment of the director of the company.
The title
The place
The job
The description
Attempt to transform illegally acquired money into apparently legitimate money is charged with …
check_box money laundering
drug dealing
fraud
murder
Chọn phương án trả lời đúng nhất Law ……….the action or conduct of individual or state
opens
restains
contains
allows
Civil … related to the family, property, contracts and torts are brought to lower courts.
active
act
actions
acted
Common law evolved from …………., convention, and decisions of the courts.
check_box Tất cả các phương án
custom,
judicial precedent,
Customary law,
Constitution is the body of doctrines and … that form the fundamental organizing principles of a political state.
check_box practices
practicing
to practice
practiced
Constitution Law is the law relating to ……………….. of government in a State.
Tất cả các phương án
the legally structure
the legal structure
the law structure
Contract law deals with … which create legal rights
individuals
parties
promises
contractors
Crimes which are … by office employees and salaried professionals are known as while-collar crimes, or business crimes.
committed typically
typicaly committed
typically committing
typically committed
Criminal and civil lawA simple distinction between the criminal and civil law is that the latter (civil law) regulates the relationships between ………………… or bodies and the former (criminal law) regulates the legal relationship between the state and individual people and bodies.
states
departments
individuals
organizations
Criminal law involves the state imposing sanctions for defined crimes committed by individuals or businesses, so that society can achieve its brand of justice and a …
peace social order
peaceably social order
peaceable socially order
peaceable social order
Criteria for classifying legal systems may be based on historical, political, sociological, cultural …………… and so on.
aspects
things
points
Decide if this statement is T (True) or F (False): Tribunals and arbitration are two main forms of extra-court adjudication which takes place inside the court system to suit the form of dispute resolution to the nature of the dispute involved.
True
False
District Judge (Magistrates’ Court) must have been ……… as a lawyer for at least seven years
Qualified
Qualitative
Quality
Qualifying
During last decades the judiciary became active in economic issues related with economic rights established by …
constitutional
constitution
constitutionally
constitute
Given the serious consequences which can result from being convicted of a …, it is necessary to provide safeguards against wrongful conviction.
check_box criminal offence
civil offence
administrative offence
Labouroffence
How do I form a company?By sending
The details of the directors and the company secretary
A statement of legal compliance
A memorandum of association, the articles of association
All the three are required
How many courses do do pupils take in order to become a barrister?
An Extra Course
One
Two
Three
However, authorities may only act … the law or the government must obey the law.
in
by
within
with
In all countries, at all time, the decisions of courts are treated with respect, and they tend to be regarded as …………….
‘conventions’
‘laws’
‘rules’
‘precedents’
In contract cases, courts usually want to apply a law that will ……………the contract.
check_box to uphold
to perform
to conclude
to adopt
In some jurisdictions, certain special types of contracts, must be written and signed or they are not …………
illegal
valid
enforceable
unenforceable
Judge Brown is going to talk about the process of …
sitting
casestudy
litigation
court
Judges of Supreme People’s Court of Vietnam are appointed following the recommendation of …
Chief Judge
The Lord Chancellor
National Assembly
The Department of Justice
JudgesIn England, Judges are (1) … by the Lord Chancellor. The minimum requirement is that one should be a barrister or solicitor of ten years’ (2) … The majority of judges are barristers, but they cannot practise as barristers. Recorders are practicing barristers who act as judges on a part-time basis. The appointment of judges is not a political appointment, and judges remain in office unless they (3) … guilty of gross misconduct. Judges cannot be Members of Parliament.
check_box (1) appointed(2) standing (3) are found
appointingcarryingfound
appointmentstandingfind
appointedsittinghave found
Judicial review of administration are considered matters of administrative law. But some matters, such as the responsibility of …, cannot be solely assigned to either administrative or constitutional law.
minister
ministry
ministers
Jurors have been chosen ... from a panel of approximately 100 people.
At work
At random
At present
Land is the most important form … property.
check_box of
on
by
for
Later you will learn how this difference is reflected in the terminology and ….……….. of the law.
rule
procedure
regulation
legislation
Law is a solemn expression of ………..of the supreme power of the State
thought
the opinion.
the will.
the thinking
Law must be respected and .......... . Any people if violate the law shall be punished
enforced
enforce
enforceable
enforcing
Lawyers in human rights may even find their ... dangerous.
Profession
Professionally.
Professor
Professional
Legal principles of English law are flexible and are based on real facts
Legal principles
Legal principle
Legally principles
Most claims are initiated by the use of …, which functions as a summons.
check_box A claim form
A form of admission
A warrant of arrest
An injunction
Mr Peter Smith is a famous JP. What does JP stand for?
check_box Justice of the Peace
Juror for peace
Justice prosecutor
Judge for peace
Parliament or National Assembly have rise to enact any new law or ………… existing legislation
change
amend
make
Parliament or National Assembly may ……….. its legislation to an individual or a body to make a specified law.
check_box delegate
take
give
get
Property law is the area of law that governs the various forms of ownership and tenancy in … (land as distinct from personal or movable possessions) and in personal property, within the common law legal system
check_box real property
Movable possession
Intangible property
Movable property
Read this:These differences are again reflected in the criminal court system. There are three types of criminal offence: summary, indictable and triable either way. The nature of the offence will determine the mode of trial. Summary offences are the less serious offences such as minor motoring offences, which are tried in the magistrates’ court whose jurisdiction is limited to a fine of less than £ 1,000 or to a sentence of lower than six-month imprisonment.Question:Which case is tried in Magistrates’court?A case with a fine of …….
check_box less than £ 1,000
over than £ 1,000
about £ 1,000
more than £ 1,000
Real property (immovable property) is the combination … and improvements (immovable man-made things) thereto
check_box of interests in land
of interesting in land
of interested in land
Land interest
Respect work order, safety and health rules and other … of the organization
external regulation
independent regulation
dependent regulation
internal regulation
Socialist laws, those systems of law ……… from the Marxist theory
derived
deriving
derive
have derived
Some attorneys probably earns a high salary, … small firm lawyers may have to restrict salaries.
check_box Whereas
And
So
Though
Suppliers are often ………….. creditors of the company.
unsecured
secured
preferential
important
Tax law is a branch of public law. A tax defines a financial charge or other levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity) by a state or the functional equivalent of a state to fund various public expenditures. A failure to pay, or evasion of or resistance to taxation, is usually … by law.
check_box punishable
punishment
punish
The advantages of Tribunals and arbitration are ...by an expert.
check_box Speed; lower costs and flexibility; informality and adjudication
Informality and adjudication
Lower costs and flexibility
Speed
The authorities … with powers to command governing the community.
check_box are granted
have granted
grant
is granting
The courts are the interpreters and declarers of the law, the “sources” of law are therefore …………… to which the courts turn in order to determine what it is
the courts
the law
the interpreters
the sources
The English Parliament has two …………
areas
places
rooms
chambers
The first practical difference is seen in the parties to the legal action. A civil case will involve two (or more) individual people or bodies whilst the parties to a …………… case will be the state and an individual person or body.
civil
administration
public
criminal
The formal courts are not the only means … solving disputes
with
of
for
on
The government is entitled to promulgate ……..
Tất cả các phương án
constitutions
resolutions
The idea that considers an animal as the subject of a legal duty ………… among ancient Jews and Greeks.
check_box prevails
classifies
rests in
refuses
The law maker is called the ………
legislative
legislature
legislation
legislate
The only distinction between written law and ………… law lies in the process of their establishment.
unwritten
writen .
unwriting
writing
The Partnership ………… regulates their relationship, for example the duration of the partnership, its name and business, how profits, losses, and running costs are to be shared, how much capital each partner is to contribute, what rules will apply to the capital, what grounds will lead to a partner being expelled from the company
check_box Agreement
Paper
Certificate
Document
The pre-trial work, one function of solicitors, is also called ‘to brief barristers’.What does ‘to brief barristers’ mean? - ‘to brief barristers’ means ………....
To present a barrister before the court
To pass on to a barrister.
To send a barrister a brief
Tto collect all the necessary legal documents for the barrister to present the best case to the court.
The Price is the …; if the Price is not paid on time the Seller is entitled to interest at 4 per cent above base.
check_box quoted price
Quoting price
pricing quoted
price quoted
There are four countries and three distinct …………… in the United Kingdom: England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.
jurisdictions
parts
countries
laws
They are saying that we are … refusing delivery, but I guess if we make our side clear, then they might not take any action against us
reasonable
unreasonably
unreasonable
reasonably
This statement is T (true) or F (false): The king exercised his power over his people
T
F
To initiate a claim means ……………
to appeal it
to cause it to begin
to abandon it
to reform it
Traditionally, … undertake work such as conveyancing, and drawing up contracts and wills.
check_box Solicitors
Consultants
Baristers
Advisors
Under commercial law, violators are subject … a $ 100 fine.
check_box to
on
in
for
Usually solicitors prepare cases for … and then send the case brief to barristers.
check_box Litigation
Adjudicators
The court
The judges
What does the abbreviation ADR stand for?
check_box Alternative Desbute Resolution
Arbitration Development Review
Aviation Development Regulation
What’s the other name for Memorandum of Association in the US?
check_box Articles of Incorporation
Articles of Association’
Bylaws
Memorandum of Incorporation
Which statement is T (true) about constitution:
The law concerns with the administration of government’s policy
The law is considered as the root of all laws or the supreme law of the land
The law concerns with maintaining controls over the power of the government
All of them are true
Who are … for jury service in England?Magistrates, barristers, solicitors, priests, people on bail, people with mental illness cannot provide jury service .
check_box Not Eligible
Eligibly
Elemination
Eligible
You want to add your partner as a joint owner called …
check_box joint property ownership
joint property owner
joint property own
joint owner

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