......................, clauses are classified as either finite or non- finite.
functionally
semantically
structurally
syntactically
........................., a sentence may be simple, compound or complex.
grammatically
semantically
structurally
syntactically
...............forms of life, the most varied are the insects.
All
All are
Of all
They are all
“We need better traffic rules.”“Yes. ........................ wouldn’t be so many accidents”
Then
Then it
Then there
Then they
………….vastness of the Grand Canyon, it is difficult to capture it in a single photograph.
check_box Because of the
For the
The
While the
A non -finite clause ...................... goes with the subject of its own.
always
never
often
sometimes
A noun phrase which contains modifier(s) belonging to open- class of word is classified as a .............one.
basic
complex
compound
simple
Adjectives such as alive, asleep, afraid etc. can function ..................only.
attributively
predicatively
relatively
structurally
Although thunder and lightning are produced at the same time, light waves travel faster …………., so we see the lightning before we hear the thunder.
check_box than sound waves do
do sound waves
sound waves
than sound waves are
Among five sentence elements, adverbial is ....................... optional.
check_box often
always
never
sometimes
Any language unit that functions as a noun is called ............... .
adjective
adverbial
nominal
relative
Art tends to be ……….more after the death of the artist, but most literary works tend to decrease in value when the writer dies.
priceB worthy
value
worth
worthy
Beef cattle………….of all livestock for economic growth in certain geographic regions.
are the most important
that are the most important
the most are important
the most important are
Beginning in the Middle Ages, composers of Western music used a system of notating their compositions………….be performed by musicians.
check_box that
and when to
so they could
will
Blood in vessels just under the nasal lining ............up its heat to warm the air.
check_box gives
giving
is given
it gives
California, ……….more populous state than any of its Western neighbors, has greater representation in the House.
a
is a
it is a
that
Carbonated beverages became popular in 1832 after ..............an apparatus for charging water with carbon dioxide gas.
check_box John Mathews invented
invented John Mathews
inventing John Mathews
John Mathews inventing
Dairy farming is ………….leading agricultural activity in the United States.
check_box a
at
none
then
English Noun has no category of ............. .
case
gender
number
tense
Even we can not go without money, man matter most.
SV
SVA
SVC
SVO
Flag Day is a legal holiday only in the state of Pennsylvania, …………. Besty Ross sewed the first American flag.
check_box where
has
that
which
For Osbert to appear in public at such a time was rather courageous.
A
apposition of S
Cs
S
He always thinks his friends good enough to share any confidential talk.
SVA
SVO
SVOA
SVOC
He told everyone to stay at home when he left.
SVO
SVOA
SVOC
SVOO
I expect everyone to be punctual this evening.
check_box Od
A
Oi
postmodifier
I know you are free, ..................... you come and share dinner with us tonight?
check_box wouldn’t
do
will
won’t
I never imagined that such a thing could happen.
complex finite verb phrase
finite clause
simple (= one-word) finite verb phrase
simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
I promise you not to be late.
A
Co
Od
Oi
I thoroughly enjoyed meeting June again.
check_box non finite clause
complex non-finite verb phrase
finite clause
simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
If a .........................can exist on its own it is referred to as a simple sentence.
check_box clause
phrase
word
word group
If an adjective takes place right after the intensive V- element as an obligatory sentence element, it functions as ...............in the sentence .
adverbial
modifier
postmodifier
subject complement
If endangered species ……….saved, rainforests must be protected.
check_box are to be
be
can be
will be
If it is integrated within the sentence structure modifying the V- element, the adverbial is classified as.................... .
adjunct
conjunct
disjunct
modifier
In a finite clause there is a .................. of some kind between the Subject and the Verb element.
concord
difference
gap
link
In a noun phrase the determiner normally.............. the head noun.
follows
forms
goes with
precedes
In its pure state antimony has no important uses, but ………….with other substances, it is an extremely useful metal.
check_box when combined physically or chemically
combined when physically or chemically
it is combined physically and chemically
the physical and chemical combination
In modern concepts, grammar may be defined as a set of morphological and.................... rules.
lexical
phonetic
semantic
syntactic
In terms of syntactic function, adjectives can be classified as central, attributive and .....................
postmodifier
predicative
premodifier
relative
Last Sunday was ........................ that we all went on a picnic.
so beautiful a day
so beautiful day
such a beautiful weather
such beautiful day
Microwaves are used for cooking, telecommunication ………. .
check_box and medical diagnosis
and diagnosed medically
and medical diagnosing
and to diagnose medically
No doubt, the accident happened because he drove carelessly.
SV
SVA
SVC
SVO
Only by hard working now will we make socially-useful workers in the future.
SVC
SVO
SVOA
SVOC
Speciation, …………., results when an animal population becomes isolated by some factor, usually geographic.
check_box the formation of biological species
biological species are formed
form biological species
which forming biological species
Tears not only ..............foreign substances from the eyes, but also contain chemicals that fight many common pathogens.
check_box wash
are washing
for washing
washing
The dawn redwood appears………….some 100 million years ago in northern forests around the world.
have flourished
having to flourish
to have flourished
was flourished
The difference between a finite and non- finite clause is that there is no ........................... of any kind in a non - finite clause.
complement
object
subject
S-V concord
The discovery of the halftone process in photography in 1881 made it ………….photographs in books and newspapers.
check_box possible to reproduce
possibly reproduced
the possibility of reproducing
the possible reproduction
The first American ..............a professional sculptor was a woman, Patience Lovell Wright.
check_box to become
became
became as
who she became
The main function of an adverb in a sentence is...................
adverbial
complement
post modifier
premodifier
The main syntactic function of adjective phrase is ................
adverbial
modifier
object complement
subject
The plan for us all to meet outside was absurd.
check_box in apposition to S
A
Cs
Postmodifier
The plan is for us all to meet outside at eight.
A
C of S
Co
Od
The question, how I can do it, doesn't matter much.
adverbial
appositive
complement
modifier
The shuttle, ............ reusable spacecraft, lifts off like a rocket and lands like an airplane.
check_box a
is a
it is a
which, as a
The strange thing is that we never heard of him again.
complex finite verb phrase
finite clause
simple (= one-word) finite verb phrase
simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
There is always disagreement as to ............ is the better student, Mary or John.
which
who
whom
whose
There is some mistake in what you have said.
adverbial
complement
modifier
object
There were the cakes, burnt to a cinder.
complex finite verb phrase
finite clause
simple (= one-word) finite verb phrase
simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
To my surprise, all my friend left so early.
adjunct
complement
disjunct
object
To speak in public for the first time can be a terrifying experience.
A
Apposition of S
Cs
S
Very often, prepositional phrases can be found functioning as ............. in English sentence.
adverbial
appositive
object
subject
We wanted the visitor to stay with us.
check_box adverbial
complement
modifier
object
What you have said is true.
adverbial
complement
object
subject
When he came I was sleeping.
check_box SV
SVA
SVC
SVO
When the V- element requires no ..................... for the sentence to exist, it is intransitive.
complementation
modification
object
predication
Who has given a vivid account of it.
complex finite verb phrase
finite clause
simple (= one-word) finite verb phrase
simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
You may ask the man whatever you like.
adverbial
complement
modifier
object
You may ask your teacher whatever you are not sure whenever you see him.
check_box SVOO
SVC
SVO
SVOA
You may call that man whatever you like.
adverbial
complement
modifier
object

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