......................, clauses are classified as either finite or non- finite.
functionally
semantically
structurally
syntactically
........................., a sentence may be simple, compound or complex.
grammatically
semantically
structurally
syntactically
...............forms of life, the most varied are the insects.
All
All are
Of all
They are all
“I saw you studying at the library last night.” “You ........................; I wasn’t there.”
check_box couldn’t have
might have
wouldn’t have
have
“Is attendance important in this class?”“No, but in the last class it ........................ very seriously.”
check_box was taken
has taken
was taking
has been taken
“We need better traffic rules.”“Yes. ........................ wouldn’t be so many accidents”
Then
Then it
Then there
Then they
………….vastness of the Grand Canyon, it is difficult to capture it in a single photograph.
Because of the
For the
The
While the
A complex noun phrase may contain a ................. clause.
check_box relative
nominal
main
subject
A non -finite clause ...................... goes with the subject of its own.
always
never
often
sometimes
A noun phrase which contains modifier(s) belonging to open- class of word is classified as a .............one.
basic
complex
compound
simple
A prepositional phrase can function as.....................in a noun phrase.
check_box postmodifier
head
determiner
premodifier
A prepositional phrase consists of two parts: a preposition and a ...............
check_box subject complement
noun phrase
clause
prepositional complement
A singular count-noun is ............. used with the indefinite article "a".
check_box normally
never
sometimes
always
Adjectives such as alive, asleep, afraid etc. can function ..................only.
attributively
predicatively
relatively
structurally
Adverbs such as rather, such, quite etc. can function as ...........of noun phrase.
check_box modifier
head
determiner
subordinator
Although thunder and lightning are produced at the same time, light waves travel faster …………., so we see the lightning before we hear the thunder.
do sound waves
sound waves
than sound waves are
than sound waves do
Among five sentence elements, adverbial is ....................... optional.
always
never
often
sometimes
Any language unit that functions as a noun is called ............... .
adjective
adverbial
nominal
relative
Art tends to be ……….more after the death of the artist, but most literary works tend to decrease in value when the writer dies.
priceB worthy
value
worth
worthy
Beef cattle………….of all livestock for economic growth in certain geographic regions.
are the most important
that are the most important
the most are important
the most important are
Beginning in the Middle Ages, composers of Western music used a system of notating their compositions………….be performed by musicians.
and when to
so they could
that
will
Blood in vessels just under the nasal lining ............up its heat to warm the air.
gives
giving
is given
it gives
California, ……….more populous state than any of its Western neighbors, has greater representation in the House.
a
is a
it is a
that
Carbonated beverages became popular in 1832 after ..............an apparatus for charging water with carbon dioxide gas.
invented John Mathews
inventing John Mathews
John Mathews invented
John Mathews inventing
Dairy farming is ………….leading agricultural activity in the United States.
a
at
none
then
English Noun has no category of ............. .
case
gender
number
tense
Even we can not go without money, man matter most.
SV
SVA
SVC
SVO
Flag Day is a legal holiday only in the state of Pennsylvania, …………. Besty Ross sewed the first American flag.
check_box where
has
that
which
For Osbert to appear in public at such a time was rather courageous.
A
apposition of S
Cs
S
He always thinks his friends good enough to share any confidential talk.
SVA
SVO
SVOA
SVOC
He found all his best ........................ stolen.
check_box pieces of jewelry
piece of jewelries
jewelry’s pieces
jewelries
He told everyone to stay at home when he left.
SVO
SVOA
SVOC
SVOO
I ……….bacon and eggs every morning.
check_box am used to eating
am used to eat
used to eat
used to eating
I always find it difficult to say "no" to people who ask me for help.
check_box SVOC
SVC
SVOA
SVO
I expect everyone to be punctual this evening.
A
Od
Oi
postmodifier
I know how I can do it.
check_box object
complement
adverbial
modifier
I know you are free, ..................... you come and share dinner with us tonight?
do
will
won’t
wouldn’t
I never imagined that such a thing could happen.
complex finite verb phrase
finite clause
simple (= one-word) finite verb phrase
simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
I promise you not to be late.
A
Co
Od
Oi
I thoroughly enjoyed meeting June again.
check_box non finite clause
complex non-finite verb phrase
finite clause
simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
If a .........................can exist on its own it is referred to as a simple sentence.
clause
phrase
word
word group
If an adjective takes place right after the intensive V- element as an obligatory sentence element, it functions as ...............in the sentence .
adverbial
modifier
postmodifier
subject complement
If endangered species ……….saved, rainforests must be protected.
check_box are to be
be
can be
will be
If it is integrated within the sentence structure modifying the V- element, the adverbial is classified as.................... .
adjunct
conjunct
disjunct
modifier
If we always have our knowledge updated, technology aids a lot in any areas of activity.
check_box SV
SVO
SVA
SVOO
In a finite clause there is a .................. of some kind between the Subject and the Verb element.
concord
difference
gap
link
In a noun phrase the determiner normally.............. the head noun.
follows
forms
goes with
precedes
In its pure state antimony has no important uses, but ………….with other substances, it is an extremely useful metal.
combined when physically or chemically
it is combined physically and chemically
the physical and chemical combination
when combined physically or chemically
In modern concepts, grammar may be defined as a set of morphological and.................... rules.
lexical
phonetic
semantic
syntactic
In terms of syntactic function, adjectives can be classified as central, attributive and .....................
postmodifier
predicative
premodifier
relative
Just put your coat in ……….
check_box the hall closet
hall closet
the hall’s closet
the closet of the hall
Larger animals ...............than smaller animals of the same type.
check_box generally live longer
live generally long
longer live generally
they generally live long
Last Sunday was ........................ that we all went on a picnic.
so beautiful a day
so beautiful day
such a beautiful weather
such beautiful day
Microwaves are used for cooking, telecommunication ………. .
and diagnosed medically
and medical diagnosing
and medical diagnosis
and to diagnose medically
More murders are reported ………. December in the United States than during any other month.
check_box in
on
at
for
My sister has a ……….baby.
check_box two-month-old
two-months-old
two-month-olds
two-months-olds
No doubt, the accident happened because he drove carelessly.
SV
SVA
SVC
SVO
Normally, ................verb can serve as part of V- element only.
check_box an auxiliary
phrasal
an intensive
extensive
On Jupiter the winds have created storms ...............big that astronomers on Earth can see them through their telescopes.
check_box so
such
how
as
Only by hard working now will we make socially-useful workers in the future.
SVC
SVO
SVOA
SVOC
Petrol is now ........................ it was last year.
check_box twice as expensive as
twice more expensive
more twice expensive than
as twice more expensive as
She hasn’t seen her family ……….three years ago.
check_box since
from
before
for
Speciation, …………., results when an animal population becomes isolated by some factor, usually geographic.
check_box the formation of biological species
biological species are formed
form biological species
which forming biological species
Tears not only ..............foreign substances from the eyes, but also contain chemicals that fight many common pathogens.
are washing
for washing
wash
washing
Tense, aspect, voice, mood, person and .................. are grammatical categories of verb in English.
check_box number
gender
form
case
The dawn redwood appears………….some 100 million years ago in northern forests around the world.
have flourished
having to flourish
to have flourished
was flourished
The difference between a finite and non- finite clause is that there is no ........................... of any kind in a non - finite clause.
complement
object
subject
S-V concord
The discovery of the halftone process in photography in 1881 made it ………….photographs in books and newspapers.
possible to reproduce
possibly reproduced
the possibility of reproducing
the possible reproduction
The examination proved more difficult than we expected.
check_box SVC
SV
SVA
SVO
The first American ..............a professional sculptor was a woman, Patience Lovell Wright.
became
became as
to become
who she became
The last visitor to stay with us came from England.
check_box modifier
complement
subject
adverbial
The main function of an adverb in a sentence is...................
adverbial
complement
post modifier
premodifier
The main syntactic function of adjective phrase is ................
adverbial
modifier
object complement
subject
The man didn't come to stay with us forever.
check_box adverbial
complement
modifier
object
The Pawnee Indians regarded corn .............. sacred gift, and many of their religious ceremonies are centered around this crop.
check_box as a
since a
like being
as being
The plan for us all to meet outside was absurd.
A
Cs
in apposition to S
Postmodifier
The plan is for us all to meet outside at eight.
A
C of S
Co
Od
The question, how I can do it, doesn't matter much.
adverbial
appositive
complement
modifier
The shuttle, ............ reusable spacecraft, lifts off like a rocket and lands like an airplane.
a
is a
it is a
which, as a
The strange thing is that we never heard of him again.
complex finite verb phrase
finite clause
simple (= one-word) finite verb phrase
simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
The tail of comets generally points away from the sun ............... the comet is approaching the sun or receding.
check_box whether
both
and if
either
There is always disagreement as to ............ is the better student, Mary or John.
which
who
whom
whose
There is some mistake in what you have said.
adverbial
complement
modifier
object
There were the cakes, burnt to a cinder.
complex finite verb phrase
finite clause
simple (= one-word) finite verb phrase
simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
To my surprise, all my friend left so early.
adjunct
complement
disjunct
object
To speak in public for the first time can be a terrifying experience.
A
Apposition of S
Cs
S
Very often, prepositional phrases can be found functioning as ............. in English sentence.
adverbial
appositive
object
subject
We use ..................... to link clauses within a complex sentence.
check_box subordinators
pronouns
coordinators
conjunctions
We wanted the visitor to stay with us.
check_box adverbial
complement
modifier
object
We wish that you ……….such a lot of work, because we know that you would have enjoyed the party.
check_box hadn’t had
hadn’t have
didn’t have had
hadn’t
What you have said is true.
adverbial
complement
object
subject
When he came I was sleeping.
SV
SVA
SVC
SVO
When the V- element requires no ..................... for the sentence to exist, it is intransitive.
complementation
modification
object
predication
Who has given a vivid account of it.
complex finite verb phrase
finite clause
simple (= one-word) finite verb phrase
simple non-finite verb phrase (including infinitive with to)
You may ask the man whatever you like.
adverbial
complement
modifier
object
You may ask your teacher whatever you are not sure whenever you see him.
SVC
SVO
SVOA
SVOO
You may call that man whatever you like.
adverbial
complement
modifier
object

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